"Colors: Field of flag dark blue; stars and unit designation white; brown eagle with white head and tail; yellow beak and claws and shield border; white arrows; green branch; black ship with white sails against blue sky and sea; brown plow against yellow; yellow wheat sheaves against green."
"The ship for commerce and the plow and three sheaves of wheat for agriculture stood for Pennsylvania in the state seal. They appear here on the breast of the American eagle to suggest the availability of the state militia for national service. Through most of the nineteenth century the United States had a very small army, except during wartimes; it was not until World War I that the state militias became the National Guard and not until the Korean War that a large permanent army became the first line of defense."
Randy Young, 1 October 2004